Spanish Food & Wine Glossary

Aceitunas - Olives. Aguardiente - A fiery transparent spirit distilled from vegetables.
Ajo - Garlic. Albariño - Fresh, crisp white wine from Galicia. Also the name of the primary grape in these wines.
Albariza - The white soil of Jerez, with a high limestone content. Albóndigas - Meatballs
Alcachofa - Artichoke Alella - The smallest D.O. in Spain, located just north of Barcelona. Known for fresh crisp white wines and excellent Cavas.
Allioli - A popular sauce in Catalonia made from garlic oil (garlic mayonnaise). Almejas - Clams.
Almendras - Almonds. Amontillado - A type of Sherry or Montilla.
Anchoas - Anchovies. Angulas - Baby eels.
Arroz - Rice. Asado - A roast.
Asador - A restaurant that specializes in roasted meats. Atún - Tuna.
 Bacalao - Codfish or salted codfish. Barrica - The classic 225 liter oak barrel, usually made from oak.
Bodega - Winery or cellar. Bodeguero - The owner of manager of a bodegas.
Brut - A dry Cava. Butifarra - A type of sausage particularly popular in Catalonia and the Balearics.
Cabrales - Blue veined cows milk cheese from Asturias. Calamares - Shrimp
Calderata - a stew or the pot it is cooked in. Callos - Tripe
Canela - Cinnamon. Cangrejo - Crab.
Capataz - A master taster in Jerez. Cava - A sparkling wine, usually from Penedés made in accordance with the Methode Champenois and aged at least nine months.
Cebollas - Onions. Cream - A type of sherry or Montilla.
Criadera - An oak butt used in the solera system. Crianza - a wine that has been aged in an oak barrel. In Rioja it must be aged at least one year in oak and one year in bottle before release.
 Deguelle - The disgorging process used for sparkling wines. Dorada - A type of fish popular in the Levante.
Dorado Dorado - a fortified wine made in Rueda. Also the name of a type of fish. Dulce - sweet. Also used for a sweet type of Cava.
en Escabeche - Pickled. Espumosa - Sparkling.
Estofado - A stew. Fino - A type of sherry or Montilla.
 Flan - Caramel custard. Flor - A layer of yeasts formed inside the butt of sherry or Montilla on the surface of the wine.
Fondillon - A rare matured wine made in Southern Lavante. Galicia - Maritime region in Northwest Spain famous for seafood, dry white Albariño based wines and it's Celtic culture.
 Gambas - Shrimp. Garnatxa d’Emporda - A sweet dessert wine made in the Ampurdan.
Gazpacho - In Andalusia this is a cold vegetable soup; in the Levante and La Mancha it is a hearty stew. Generoso - A fortified aperitif or dessert wine.
Gran Reserva - A wine matured for many years in barrel and bottle. Granvas - A wine made by the Cuve Clos method.
Guisantes - Green peas. Habas - Fava beans.
Helado - Ice cream. Higos - Figs.
Huevos - Eggs. Idiazábal - Smoked ewe's milk cheese from the Basque Country.
 Jumilla - Area in Murcia known for robust red wines. Jamón - Ham.
Jabugo - a small town in Andalucia famous for excellent Jamón Jabugo. Jerez de la Frontera - Town in province of Cádiz, the home of Sherry.
Judías - Dry beans. Langosta - Lobster.
Leche - Milk. Lenguado - Sole fish.
 Madera - Sweet wine from the Island of Madera. Mahón - Soft cow's milk cheese from the Balearic islands.
Manzana - Apple. Manzanilla - Very dry, aged amber colored sherry with a nutty flavor.
Mariscos - seafood. Mejillones - Mussels.
Melocotón - Peach. Menestra - Vegetable and meat casserole.
Merluza - Hake fish. Miel - Honey.
Moscatel - Sweet dessert wine. Natillas - Cream custard.
Naranja - Orange. Oloroso - Dark, rich aged sherry.
Ostras - Oysters. Pacharán - Sloeberry liqueur from Navarra.
Paella - Famous rice dish seasoned with saffron and usually made with seafood, meat, and vegetables. Pan - Bread.
Patatas - Potatoes. Pato - Duck.
Penedés - Catalonian region where excellent wines and cavas are made. Pescado - Fish.
Pera - Pear. Pimienta - Pepper.
Pimientos - Peppers. Piña - Pineapple.
Plátano - Bananas. Pollo - Chicken.
Pomelo - Grapefruit. Puerros - Leeks.
Pulpo - Octopus. Queso - Cheese.
 Rape - Angler fish or Frog fish. Ribera del Duero - A region in the north central portion of Spain which is known for "big" red wines based on the Tempranillo.
Romero - Rosemary. Romesco - A red sauce for seafood from the Catalonian region.
Reserva - An aged wine. in Rioja, Reserva must be aged at least one year in a barrel and at least three years between barrel and bottle. Rioja - A famous wine region in the north central portion of  Spain which is known for excellent wines.
Rodaballo - Turbot fish. Roncal - Smoky flavored ewe's milk cheese from Navarra.
 Salchica - Thin pork sausage. Sardinas - Sardines.
Sangría - Refreshing drink made of wine, brandy and fresh fruit. Segovia - City in Central Spain known for excellent suckling pig and it's still standing Roman era aquaduct.
Sepia - Cuttlefish. Solomillo - Filet mignon.
Sopa - Soup. Tapa - Small appetizers or snacks.
Tarta - Cake. Ternera - Veal.
Tetilla - Pear-shaped cow's milk cheese from Galicia. Named for it's resemblance to a woman's breast. Tila - Linden tea.
Tomate - Tomato. Tomillo - Thyme.
Tortilla - Spanish omelet, traditionally made with potato and onion and served as a tapa or light meal. Trucha - Trout fish.
Tostón - Suckling pig. Venado - Venison.
Vieiras - Sea Scallops. Vinegreta - Vinegar.
Vino Blanco - White wine. Vino Tinto - Red wine.
 Zanahorias - Carrots. Zarzuela - Casserole.
Zumo - Juice.

A-FG-MN-ST-Z

 

Aceitunas

Olives. Aguardiente - A fiery transparent spirit distilled from vegetables.

 

Ajo

Garlic. Albariño - Fresh, crisp white wine from Galicia. Also the name of the primary grape in these wines.

 

Albariza

The white soil of Jerez, with a high limestone content. Albóndigas - Meatballs

 

Alcachofa

Artichoke Alella - The smallest D.O. in Spain, located just north of Barcelona. Known for fresh crisp white wines and excellent Cavas.

 

Allioli

A popular sauce in Catalonia made from garlic oil (garlic mayonnaise). Almejas - Clams.

 

Almendras

Almonds. Amontillado - A type of Sherry or Montilla.

 

Anchoas

Anchovies. Angulas - Baby eels.

 

Arroz

Rice. Asado - A roast.

 

Asador

A restaurant that specializes in roasted meats. Atún - Tuna.

 

 

 

Bacalao

Codfish or salted codfish. Barrica - The classic 225 liter oak barrel, usually made from oak.

 

Bodega

Winery or cellar. Bodeguero - The owner of manager of a bodegas.

 

Brut

A dry Cava. Butifarra - A type of sausage particularly popular in Catalonia and the Balearics.

 

 

 

Cabrales

Blue veined cows milk cheese from Asturias. Calamares - Shrimp

 

Calderata

A stew or the pot it is cooked in. Callos - Tripe

 

Canela

Cinnamon. Cangrejo - Crab.

 

Capataz

A master taster in Jerez. Cava - A sparkling wine, usually from Penedés made in accordance with the Methode Champenois and aged at least nine months.

 

Cebollas

Onions. Cream - A type of sherry or Montilla.

 

Criadera

An oak butt used in the solera system. Crianza - a wine that has been aged in an oak barrel. In Rioja it must be aged at least one year in oak and one year in bottle before release.

 

 

 

Deguelle

The disgorging process used for sparkling wines. Dorada - A type of fish popular in the Levante.

 

Dorado Dorado

A fortified wine made in Rueda. Also the name of a type of fish. Dulce - sweet. Also used for a sweet type of Cava.

 

 

 

En Escabeche

Pickled. Espumosa - Sparkling.

 

Estofado

A stew. Fino - A type of sherry or Montilla.

 

 

 

Flan

Caramel custard. Flor - A layer of yeasts formed inside the butt of sherry or Montilla on the surface of the wine.

 

Fondillon

A rare matured wine made in Southern Lavante. Galicia - Maritime region in Northwest Spain famous for seafood, dry white Albariño based wines and it's Celtic culture.

 

 

 

 

Gambas

Shrimp. Garnatxa d’Emporda - A sweet dessert wine made in the Ampurdan.

 

Gazpacho

In Andalusia this is a cold vegetable soup; in the Levante and La Mancha it is a hearty stew. Generoso - A fortified aperitif or dessert wine.

 

Gran Reserva

A wine matured for many years in barrel and bottle. Granvas - A wine made by the Cuve Clos method.

 

Guisantes

Green peas. Habas - Fava beans.

 

 

 

Helado

Ice cream. Higos - Figs.

 

Huevos

Eggs. Idiazábal - Smoked ewe's milk cheese from the Basque Country.

 

 

 

Jumilla

Area in Murcia known for robust red wines. Jamón - Ham.

 

Jabugo

A small town in Andalucia famous for excellent Jamón Jabugo. Jerez de la Frontera - Town in province of Cádiz, the home of Sherry.

 

Judías

Dry beans. Langosta - Lobster.

 

 

 

Leche

Milk. Lenguado - Sole fish.

 

 

 

Madera

Sweet wine from the Island of Madera. Mahón - Soft cow's milk cheese from the Balearic islands.

 

Manzana

Apple. Manzanilla - Very dry, aged amber colored sherry with a nutty flavor.

 

Mariscos

Seafood. Mejillones - Mussels.

 

Melocotón

Peach. Menestra - Vegetable and meat casserole.

 

Merluza

Hake fish. Miel - Honey.

 

Moscatel

Sweet dessert wine. Natillas - Cream custard.

 

 

 

 

Naranja

Orange. Oloroso - Dark, rich aged sherry.

 

 

 

Ostras

Oysters. Pacharán - Sloeberry liqueur from Navarra.

 

 

 

Paella

Famous rice dish seasoned with saffron and usually made with seafood, meat, and vegetables. Pan - Bread.

 

Patatas

Potatoes. Pato - Duck.

 

Penedés

Catalonian region where excellent wines and cavas are made. Pescado - Fish.

 

Pera

Pear. Pimienta - Pepper.

 

Pimientos

Peppers. Piña - Pineapple.

 

Plátano

Bananas. Pollo - Chicken.

 

Pomelo

Grapefruit. Puerros - Leeks.

 

Pulpo

Octopus. Queso - Cheese.

 

 

 

Rape

Angler fish or Frog fish. Ribera del Duero - A region in the north central portion of Spain which is known for "big" red wines based on the Tempranillo.

 

Romero

Rosemary. Romesco - A red sauce for seafood from the Catalonian region.

 

Reserva

An aged wine. in Rioja, Reserva must be aged at least one year in a barrel and at least three years between barrel and bottle. Rioja - A famous wine region in the north central portion of Spain which is known for excellent wines.

 

Rodaballo

Turbot fish. Roncal - Smoky flavored ewe's milk cheese from Navarra.

 

 

 

Salchica

Thin pork sausage. Sardinas - Sardines.

 

Sangría

Refreshing drink made of wine, brandy and fresh fruit. Segovia - City in Central Spain known for excellent suckling pig and it's still standing Roman era aquaduct.

 

Sepia

Cuttlefish. Solomillo - Filet mignon.

 

Sopa

Soup. Tapa - Small appetizers or snacks.

 

 

 

 

Tarta

Cake. Ternera - Veal.

 

Tetilla

Pear-shaped cow's milk cheese from Galicia. Named for it's resemblance to a woman's breast. Tila - Linden tea.

 

Tomate

Tomato. Tomillo - Thyme.

 

Tortilla

Spanish omelet, traditionally made with potato and onion and served as a tapa or light meal. Trucha - Trout fish.

 

Tostón

Suckling pig. Venado - Venison.

 

 

 

Vieiras

Sea Scallops. Vinegreta - Vinegar.

 

Vino Blanco

White wine. Vino Tinto - Red wine.

 

 

 

Zanahorias

Carrots. Zarzuela - Casserole.

 

Zumo

Juice.

 
 
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