Spanish Food & Wine Glossary
Olives. Aguardiente - A fiery transparent spirit distilled from vegetables.
Garlic. Albariño - Fresh, crisp white wine from Galicia. Also the name of the primary grape in these wines.
The white soil of Jerez, with a high limestone content. Albóndigas - Meatballs
Artichoke Alella - The smallest D.O. in Spain, located just north of Barcelona. Known for fresh crisp white wines and excellent Cavas.
A popular sauce in Catalonia made from garlic oil (garlic mayonnaise). Almejas - Clams.
Almonds. Amontillado - A type of Sherry or Montilla.
Anchovies. Angulas - Baby eels.
Rice. Asado - A roast.
A restaurant that specializes in roasted meats. Atún - Tuna.
Codfish or salted codfish. Barrica - The classic 225 liter oak barrel, usually made from oak.
Winery or cellar. Bodeguero - The owner of manager of a bodegas.
A dry Cava. Butifarra - A type of sausage particularly popular in Catalonia and the Balearics.
Blue veined cows milk cheese from Asturias. Calamares - Shrimp
A stew or the pot it is cooked in. Callos - Tripe
Cinnamon. Cangrejo - Crab.
A master taster in Jerez. Cava - A sparkling wine, usually from Penedés made in accordance with the Methode Champenois and aged at least nine months.
Onions. Cream - A type of sherry or Montilla.
An oak butt used in the solera system. Crianza - a wine that has been aged in an oak barrel. In Rioja it must be aged at least one year in oak and one year in bottle before release.
The disgorging process used for sparkling wines. Dorada - A type of fish popular in the Levante.
A fortified wine made in Rueda. Also the name of a type of fish. Dulce - sweet. Also used for a sweet type of Cava.
Pickled. Espumosa - Sparkling.
A stew. Fino - A type of sherry or Montilla.
Caramel custard. Flor - A layer of yeasts formed inside the butt of sherry or Montilla on the surface of the wine.
A rare matured wine made in Southern Lavante. Galicia - Maritime region in Northwest Spain famous for seafood, dry white Albariño based wines and it's Celtic culture.
Shrimp. Garnatxa d’Emporda - A sweet dessert wine made in the Ampurdan.
In Andalusia this is a cold vegetable soup; in the Levante and La Mancha it is a hearty stew. Generoso - A fortified aperitif or dessert wine.
A wine matured for many years in barrel and bottle. Granvas - A wine made by the Cuve Clos method.
Green peas. Habas - Fava beans.
Ice cream. Higos - Figs.
Eggs. Idiazábal - Smoked ewe's milk cheese from the Basque Country.
Area in Murcia known for robust red wines. Jamón - Ham.
A small town in Andalucia famous for excellent Jamón Jabugo. Jerez de la Frontera - Town in province of Cádiz, the home of Sherry.
Dry beans. Langosta - Lobster.
Milk. Lenguado - Sole fish.
Sweet wine from the Island of Madera. Mahón - Soft cow's milk cheese from the Balearic islands.
Apple. Manzanilla - Very dry, aged amber colored sherry with a nutty flavor.
Seafood. Mejillones - Mussels.
Peach. Menestra - Vegetable and meat casserole.
Hake fish. Miel - Honey.
Sweet dessert wine. Natillas - Cream custard.
Orange. Oloroso - Dark, rich aged sherry.
Oysters. Pacharán - Sloeberry liqueur from Navarra.
Famous rice dish seasoned with saffron and usually made with seafood, meat, and vegetables. Pan - Bread.
Potatoes. Pato - Duck.
Catalonian region where excellent wines and cavas are made. Pescado - Fish.
Pear. Pimienta - Pepper.
Peppers. Piña - Pineapple.
Bananas. Pollo - Chicken.
Grapefruit. Puerros - Leeks.
Octopus. Queso - Cheese.
Angler fish or Frog fish. Ribera del Duero - A region in the north central portion of Spain which is known for "big" red wines based on the Tempranillo.
Rosemary. Romesco - A red sauce for seafood from the Catalonian region.
An aged wine. in Rioja, Reserva must be aged at least one year in a barrel and at least three years between barrel and bottle. Rioja - A famous wine region in the north central portion of Spain which is known for excellent wines.
Turbot fish. Roncal - Smoky flavored ewe's milk cheese from Navarra.
Thin pork sausage. Sardinas - Sardines.
Refreshing drink made of wine, brandy and fresh fruit. Segovia - City in Central Spain known for excellent suckling pig and it's still standing Roman era aquaduct.
Cuttlefish. Solomillo - Filet mignon.
Soup. Tapa - Small appetizers or snacks.
Cake. Ternera - Veal.
Pear-shaped cow's milk cheese from Galicia. Named for it's resemblance to a woman's breast. Tila - Linden tea.
Tomato. Tomillo - Thyme.
Spanish omelet, traditionally made with potato and onion and served as a tapa or light meal. Trucha - Trout fish.
Suckling pig. Venado - Venison.
Sea Scallops. Vinegreta - Vinegar.
White wine. Vino Tinto - Red wine.
Carrots. Zarzuela - Casserole.